A group of people working on a spreadsheet to support youth wellness programs.

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)

Applied Behavior Analysis, or ABA, is the scientific foundation of the FBA. ABA is primarily concerned with assessing behavior in the context of the event that immediately precedes it (antecedent) and its consequence, which is the event that occurs following the behavior. By analyzing the relationship between antecedent, behavior, and consequence (ABC), clinicians are able to draw useful treatment conclusions that have already been proven to work thousands of times in the literature. Antecedents and consequences can be tweaked in order to “cut off supply” to negative behaviors and funnel it instead to new, socially acceptable behaviors. For example, feeding a child before going to the store and providing them with candy immediately after entering the store is an antecedent modification that would make it less likely the child will want candy at the register due to already being full and having candy available. With practice, the child can learn to ask for candy nicely (called a replacement behavior because it serves the same function as the challenging behavior). On the consequence end, the child now only receives candy at the register if they’ve asked nicely, without crying. Crying now goes unrewarded, and after a short period of higher intensity, it will eventually completely stop occurring in this context. There is a saying, “behavior goes where reinforcement flows.” For every challenging behavior, there’s at least one skill deficit at play.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Touched by what you read? Join the conversation!

  • The story of Melody the quadrilingual girl

    Melody a charming girl is half Taiwanese half Spanish and French, and is an English speaker. She had been all over the world moving constantly from country to country (Spain, France, Taiwan) each time going to different schools and cultural environments. Her ease in all these languages has made her adaptive in all sorts of…

    Read more >>

  • Cell City

    On the day of January 29th, my sister entered in a card game competition, with the prize of publishing your own game. I was oblivious to this. When I first heard of it, my thought was “why the heck are they talking so loudly?” They mumbled about how the foundation would be, how to incorporate…

    Read more >>

  • Social Emotional Development In Children
    Social Emotional Development In Children

    When you think about your child’s development, the first things that usually come to mind are language skills, speech development, gross motor skills, and physical growth. However, social development is also a key piece of the development puzzle. Socialization in child development focuses on the child’s ability to interact with other children and adults. A…

    Read more >>